Luke -Jesus,the Sinless Son of Man

The third book in the New Testament is Luke representing the most complete single gospel account of the life of Christ. While much of Matthew was topically arranged and Mark Perhaps geographically, Luke’s account is primarily chronological. He emphasizes the humanity of Christ as the Son of Man but not to the exclusion of His deity. Luke presents Jesus as the true God-man and underscores dramatically the Holy Spirit’s ministry in the Life of Jesus.

He, Luke the Gentile author and companion of Paul, also wrote Acts as a follow-up volume to the gospel. Together Luke and Acts account for over 20% of the New Testament – more than any other single writter. His book contains twenty-four chapters. It is one of the longest books of the New Testament. The books of Luke and Acts go together. Luke records “all that Jesus began both to do and to teach” (Acts 1:1) during His ministry upon the earth. Acts continues the account by relating what Jesus did through His apostles after He ascended back to Heaven.

Almost 50% of the material in Luke is unique to his gospel account, most of which is found in Luke 9:51 – 19:27 with a heavy emphasis on Teaching, Discipleship and parables.

The human author of the book of Luke is not mentioned in the book which bears his name. However, it has been the universal belief of all faithful Bible students from the very beginning that Luke wrote both Luke and Acts. The Muratorian Canon, written about 170 A.D. says: “The Gospel of Luke stands third in order, having been written by Luke, the physician, the companion of Paul, who, not being himself an eyewitness, based his narrative on such information as he could obtain, beginning from the birth of John.” Luke and Acts are both addressed to Theophilus (Luke 1:3; Acts 1:1). The first chapter of Acts simply begins where the last chapter of Luke stops.

Luke is mentioned by name three times in the New Testament (Colossians 4:14; Philemon 24; and 2 Timothy 4:11). When Paul wrote his last letter, he stated, “Only Luke is with me” (2 Timothy 4:11). Luke was a physician. He was a Greek and the only Gentile who was inspired to write a part of the New Testament. Luke traveled with Paul on his second and third missionary journeys. He joined Paul at Troas (Acts 16:10) and traveled with him until Philippi (Acts 16:40). He rejoined Paul on Paul’s third missionary journey (Acts 20:5). Luke remained with Paul after that. He went with Paul when Paul was taken as a prisoner to Rome (Acts 27:1). He was with Paul during this last Roman imprisonment (2 Timothy 4:11). In Acts, we can know when Luke was with Paul for he includes himself by saying “we.” When he says “they,” we know he was telling what happened to Paul and others when he was not present.

It is commonly accepted that Luke wrote the book which bears his name while Paul was in prison in Caesarea (Acts 23:23-32). This places the time of writing about the year 61 A.D. At Caesarea, Luke had opportunity to visit the places where Jesus had lived, and to speak with eyewitnesses who had known Jesus on the earth.

Luke emphasizes that Christ is the Savior of the whole world (Luke 2:32). He traces the family lineage of Jesus all the way back to Adam (Luke 3:38). He mentions Gentiles more than Matthew, Mark or John. Only Luke records the references to the widow of Zarephath and Naaman the Syrian (Luke 4:25-27). Only Luke records the parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:25-37) and the story of the Samaritan leper who alone thanked Jesus for healing him (Luke 17:12-19).

Luke contains much which is not found in Matthew, Mark or John. Only he records the birth of John the baptist (Luke 1) and the birth and early life of Jesus (Luke 2). Only in Luke are found the parables of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10), the rich fool (Luke 12:13-21), and the lost sheep, lost coin, and Prodigal Son. Luke is also the only inspired writer who tells of the rich man and Lazarus (Luke 16) and the thief on the cross who believed in Jesus (Luke 23:39-43).

Through His teaching Jesus refutes much wrong teachings about God and His love for sinners. Those things which keep a person from entering God’s Kingdom are specifically dealt with by Christ.

Salvation through the power of God alone is the answer to man’s sin problem as both the rich young ruler and Zacchaeus learned. Perhaps the theme verse of Luke is found in 19:10 – “For the Son of Man came to seek and to save what was lost.” This whole idea was critically important since the Pharasees did not believe they were lost and erroneously taught that God hated sinners and rejoiced in their destruction!

As followers of Jesus we should continue to “seek and save the lost” by proclaiming the gospel in the power of the Spirit and to make disciples by teaching them the truth of God’s Word.

Personal Application📖

What did you learn from today’s lesson in Luke and How will you apply it in your life?🤔

Share your thoughts with us in the comment section at the end of this post.

The Gospel to the Greek world🌍

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